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Be like a tree and share gratitude for managing stress in daily living

Sat, 14 Jan 2017 19:59:00
4.5 / 5 (3 Votes)
Article by:
Erik Peper, PhD
Point Reyes trees. Photo via Erik Peper, PhD.
It was late in the afternoon and I was tired. A knock was heard on my office door.  One of my students came in and started to read to me from a card.  “I want to thank you for all your help in my self-healing project … I didn’t know the improvements were possible for me in a span of 5 weeks ...  I thank you so much for encouraging and supporting me ... I have taken back control of myself and continue to make new discoveries about my identity and find my own happiness and fulfillment … Thank you so much.”
 
I was deeply touched and my eyes started to fill with tears. At that moment, I felt so appreciated. We hugged. My tiredness disappeared and I felt at peace.
  
In a world where we are constantly bombarded by negative, fearful stories and images, we forget that our response to these stories impacts our health.  When people watch fear-eliciting videos, their heart rate increases and their whole body responds with a defense reaction as if they are personally being threatened. Afterwards, we may continue to interpret and react to new stimuli as if they are the same as what happened in the video. For example, while watching a horror movie, we may hold our breath, perspire and feel our heart racing; however, when we leave the theatre and walk down the street by ourselves, we continue to be afraid and react to stimuli as if what happened in video will now happen to us.
  
When we feel threatened, our body responds to defend itself. It reduces the blood flow to the gastrointestinal tract where digestion is taking place and sends it to large muscles so that we can run and fight. When threatened, most of our resources shifted to the processes that promote survival while withdrawing it from processes that do not lead to immediate survival, such as digestion or regeneration.  From an evolutionary perspective, why spent resources to heal yourself, enhance your immune system or digest your food when you will become someone else’s lunch!

The more we feel threatened, the more we will interpret the events around us negatively. We become more stressed, defensive, and pessimistic.  If this response occurs frequently, it contributes to increased morbidity and mortality. We may not be in control of external or personal events; however, we may be able to learn how to change our reactions to these events.  It is our reactions and interpretations of an event that contributes to our ongoing stress responses.The stressor can be labeled as crisis, or opportunity.
  
Mobilize your own healing when you take charge. When 92 students as part of a class at San Francisco State University practiced self-healing skills, most reported significant improvements in their health, as shown in Figure 1.  
  
A strategy that many students used was to interrupt their cascading automatic negative reactions. The moment they became aware of their negative thought and body slumping, they interrupted the process and practiced a very short relaxation or meditation technique.
  
Implement what the students have done by taking charge of your stress responses and depressive thoughts by 1) beginning the day with a relaxation technique, Relax Body-Mind; 2) interrupting the automatic response to stressors with a rapid stress reduction technique, Breathe and be a Tree; and 3) increasing vitality by the practice, Share Gratitude.
   
Relax Body-Mind to start the day*
Lie down or sit and close your eyes. During the practice if your attention wanders, just bring it back to that part of the body you are asked to tighten or let go.

Wrinkle your face for 10 seconds while continuing to breathe. Let go and relax for 10 seconds.

Bring your hands to your face with the fingers touching the forehead while continuing to breathe.While exhaling, pull your fingers down your face so that you feel your jaw being pulled down and relaxing.

Drop your hands to your lap. Feel the sensations in your face and your fingers for 10 seconds.  

Make a fist with your hands and lift them slightly up from your lap while continuing to breathe.Feel the sensations of tension in your hands, arms and shoulders for 10 seconds.  Let goand relax by allowing the arms to drop to your lap and relax. Feel the sensations change in yourhands, arms and shoulders for 10 seconds.

Tighten your buttocks and flex your ankles so that the toes are reaching upwards to your knees.  Hold for 10 seconds while continuing to breathe. Let go and relax for 10 seconds.

Take a big breath while slightly arching your back away from the bed or a chair, and expand your stomach while keeping your arms, neck, buttocks and legs relaxed.  Hold the breath for twenty seconds.

Exhale and let your back relax while allowing the breathing to continue evenly while sensing your body’s contact with the bed or chair for twenty seconds.  Repeat three times.

Gently shake your arms and legs for 10 seconds while continuing to breathe. Let go and relax. Feel the tingling sensations in your arms and legs for 20 seconds.  

Evoke a past positive memory where you felt at peace and nurtured.

Stretch and get up. Know you have done the first self-healing step of the day.
 
*Be gentle to yourself, and stop the tightening or breath holding if it feels uncomfortable.
  
Breathe and be a Tree to dissipate stress and focus on growth
Look at a tall tree and realize that you are like a tree that is rooted in the ground and reaching upward to the light. It continues to grow even though it has been buffeted by storms.

When you become aware of being stressed, exhale slowly and inhale so that your stomach expands, the while slowly exhaling, look upward to the top of a real or imagined tree, admire the upper branches and leaves that are reaching towards the light, and smile.

Remember that even though you started to respond to a stressor, the stressor will pass just like storms battering the tree. By breathing and looking upward, accept what happened and know you are growing just like the tree.
  
Share Gratitude to increase vitality and health — adapted from Professor Martin Seligman’s 2004 TED presentation, “The New Era of Positive Psychology.”
Think of someone who did something for you that impacted your life in a positive direction and whom you never properly thanked. This could be a neighbor, teacher, friend, parent, or other family members.

Write a 300-word testimonial describing specifically what the person did and how it positively impacted you and changed the course of your life.

Arrange an actual face-to-face meeting with the person. Tell them you would like to see him/her.  If they are far away, arrange a Skype call where you can actually see and hear him/her. Do not do it by email or texting.

Meet with the person and read the testimonial to her/him.

It may seem awkward to read the testimonial, after you have done it, you will feel closer and more deeply connected to the person. Moreover, the person to whom you read the testimonial, will usually feel deeply touched. Both your hearts will open.
  
 Erik Peper is a professor at the Institute of Holistic Health Studies, Department of Health Education, San Francisco State University. The link to his blog is www.peperperspective.com and his website iswww.biofeedbackhealth.org. He can be contacted by email at erik.peper@gmail.com.

 
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